Hi there my name is Emma and in today’s video I’m going to teach you something very important for if you’re taking any type of test that has a writing component so if you are taking the IELTS the TOEFL the cell pip even just a university test it can be any type of test but if you’re asked to write something like an essay or a paragraph this video is for you.
So I’m going to teach you a very important skill that will help improve your marks when it comes to writing on tests so let’s get started so I have here an essay question this question is actually I’ve seen it on the IELTS you know you have similar types of questions on the TOEFL sometimes in university the question is this education is the single most important factor in the development of a country do you agree or disagree or maybe to what extent do you agree or disagree so this is an example of a question you might be asked now a problem a lot of students have is in their answer to this question they see this and they think education is the most important factor in the development of a country. Yes I agree so then they or I disagree and they start writing and what do they write usually the very first thing students will write is this I agree that education is the single most important factor in the development of a country because so what is the problem with this is there any problem to start off your essay with something like this or to start off your answer there’s a big problem so I want you to take a moment and think what could be the problem with starting your essay off with this sentence.
Well if you noticed you have here the word education education is is the single most important most important factor if you notice these are the same they’re the exact same except for I agree that and because the student here has used the exact same wording that is in the question so if you do this on the IELTS and many students do this same with on the TOEFL you actually will lose marks and same with in university because you’re not showing your abilities you’re just copying what somebody else has said or what the essay question is so in this video I’m going to show you first off first off I’m going to tell you don’t do this don’t copy and I’m going to teach you ways in order to improve yourself and your answer by changing this wording how can you change your introduction so it’s different than what the question is.
So let’s look at how to make these changes. So what we are going to do in order to change the question into a proper answer that doesn’t just copy the question is we are going to paraphrase so the word here is paraphrase this might be a new word for you what does it mean to paraphrase something well when we paraphrase it means we take a sentence but you know we take somebody’s else’s sentence and we change it into our own words.
So we change the words of a sentence we also change maybe the sentence structure but we keep all the same meaning so the meaning from the sentence you copy it stays the same same meaning but different words and different sentence structure so it’s in your words but this other person’s meaning so we are going to paraphrase this example of a question into our own words and so first we’re going to look at how to do that using vocabulary and synonyms so we have here the same question education is the single most important factor in the development of a country how can we put this into new words or our own words that keep the same meaning well we can use synonyms so this might be a new word for you too a synonym synonyms are words that have the same meaning but are different words so for example big and large they have the same meaning just like huge enormous these are synonyms of each other same meaning but they’re different words so you need to use different synonyms so you don’t just copy these words you use synonyms to have words that have the same meaning but are different words so let’s look at an example our first word here is education what’s another word we can use instead of instead of education well there’s different words we can use maybe one could be schooling.
So we could change this word to schooling schooling is the single most important factor in the development of a country what’s another word we can change well maybe most important instead of using the word most important maybe we could use most significant or most essential.
So essential significant there are many words you can use but the point here is find a word that has the same meaning but is a different word here’s another word factor can you think of another word for factor well sometimes factor it can be an aspect or an element you can even say sometimes a significant role or a part so there’s different words we can use that have similar meanings in terms of the word development we can change the word development to advancement a progression evolution and in terms of the word country another word for country is nation.
So these are all synonyms and this is what you want to do when you look at the question think about some new words you can use that have the same meaning this is also important throughout your essay because one problem a lot of students have is they keep using this same word again and again and again in every sentence this does not help you with your marks it’s better to use different words that have the same meaning at the same time you have to be careful here because some students they find a new word they think it’s a great word but there is a little bit of a difference in meaning so you need to be really comfortable with the words you choose and you need to know what it actually means so it doesn’t sound strange ok so if we wanted to change this now instead of saying education is the single most important factor in the development of a country our paraphrase.
Our first step in our paraphrase could be changing these words to schooling is the single most significant element in the advancement of a nation ok so that’s just one example so now let’s look at another thing you can do in order to paraphrase the question on a test or exam ok another way we can paraphrase is by changing the structure of the sentence so for example you might have a verb and you know which is an action and you might change that into its noun form so for example if your verb is developing you might change that into development you might change similarly a noun into a verb ok so for example we just said development is the noun it can turn into develop or developing you can also change things into adjectives so if for example you’re talking about technology which is a noun you could change this into the adjective form which is technological so changing the form of the word can help you with paraphrasing also changing the placement of the words can help you out so for example in our original sentence or the question was education is the single most important factor in the development of a country so I’ve now changed some of the wording as well as the order.
So here education is at the beginning in my sentence the most essential element of a nation’s development is education I’ve changed the order of the sentence so now education is at the end instead of at the beginning I’ve also started out with the most essential as my beginning whereas here it was in the middle you’ll also notice we have here in the development of a country I’ve changed this to nations development I can also also change this to countries development instead of the development of a country so changing the order of the sentence and changing some of the structures can really help you in terms of paraphrasing now let’s learn one other way in which we can improve our marks by paraphrasing so the last tip I have about paraphrasing a question is using concessions so what is a confession well I want you to look at what the question actually says and my new answer to it the question again same question as before education is the single most important factor in the development of a country my answer.
So I’ve changed some words and I’ve also changed the structure of it but there’s one other thing I’ve added although many would argue that the economy is the most important factor in nation-building I think education has a far greater impact so what I’ve done here is I’ve added a concession a concession is where you say what the opposite opinion is and then you say what your opinion is so you’re giving two opinions you’re giving your opinion and also what other people might think this is a great thing to do especially in essays and this is something you can do at the beginning of your answer so we use here the key word although ok and you’ll notice that this has two clauses I don’t want to get too technical with grammar on you today but what I mean is if you see we have the red part although many would argue that the economy is the most important factor in nation-building and then we have a second part so we have two parts to this sentence I think education has a far greater impact so the first part of the sentence is in red and it’s the although part and the second part of the sentence is in purple and that’s I think education has a far greater impact and there’s separated by a comma so a concession has two parts to it you say what the other people think first in this case although many many meaning people we could also say many people although many would argue that the economy is the most important factor in nation-building so this is what some people would say now I’m going to say what I think I think education has a far greater impact so why is this a good idea well one reason is because when you write a concession when you’re showing what the opposite opinion of yours is you’re showing that you’ve thought about the issue you’re looking at both sides you’re not just looking at your opinion you’re looking at both sides and then you’re you’re making a judgement so this shows that you’re thinking about the question and you’re really giving it some thought and by representing both sides you’re really showing critical thinking so this is a very good idea to do so the three things we’ve talked about today in terms of paraphrasing the question is changing the words using synonyms we’ve talked about changing the sentence structure and we’ve also talked about adding the other perspective using concessions so these are three things you can do in order to change the question so you’re not just copying what is on your test paper again great thing to do if you’re writing a high school University essay TOEFL IELTS cell pip all of these things this skill will really come in handy for you now you might be wondering this was great but I don’t know any synonyms or I you know I don’t know much about this well what you can do is you can come check out our website at WWE video you can find a lot of other resources including improving your vocabulary.
We even have a video on how to make concessions you know we have videos on sentence structure too so there’s a lot of videos you can check out and a lot of resources you can also come visit our website where you will find a quiz and by taking that quiz you can actually practice your paraphrasing skills so you can see you know am I doing this right is this you know is this the right way to do this and get more practice so I hope you’ve enjoyed this video and until next time take care.